Rapid Prototyping with LLMs - The Journey from Notebook Musings to Real-World Enterprise Solutions

7 minute read


The ability to rapidly prototype and test ideas is invaluable, especially in the ever-evolving technology landscape. With the advent of GPT and other Large Language Models (LLMs), businesses now have a powerful tool at their disposal to accelerate this process. In this blog, I’ll share some of the ways I’ve integrated LLMs into enterprise products, demonstrating their potential in real-world applications.

Target Enterprise

AskUI is a UI automation tool. While many might think of Selenium when they hear “user automation,” AskUI goes beyond it. Traditional tools like Selenium are dependent on the underlying website’s code. But what happens when the code changes? Or when you need to automate tasks on desktop applications? Enter AskUI, which leverage vision-based techniques, similar to human perception, to identify elements. So, it sees things like a human and you can ask it like you ask your testing team to click on a red button or signup button. Through object detection and other advanced methods, the team has created a robust automation tool that’s not just limited to web applications.

Natural Language to Actions

One of the standout features of AskUI is its intuitive Domain Specific Language (DSL). For instance, a command like aui.click().button().withText("Hello World").exec(); is self-explanatory. However, as we aim to cater to a broader audience, including analysts at Goldman Sachs or a common man, we realized the need for a more natural interaction. The goal? Convert natural language commands into AskUI DSL.

Figure 1: Translating Natural Language to DSL
Figure 2: AskUI framework DSL

Instead of diving straight into building a machine translation model, we turned to GPT and LLMs. By feeding them our documentation and list of commands, we were able to quickly prototype a system that translates natural language step into our DSL. We just had to provide the existing functions (like get, await, etc.), end goal, and GPT would generate the entire workflow. For instance, if the goal was to “click on the SignUp button,” GPT would generate the following DSL commands: aui.click().button().withText("SignUp").exec();.

Figure 3: Natural Language to DSL Demo

The results were beyond translation; GPT demonstrated its capability to plan and generate entire workflows based on an end goal. This was a game-changer for us. We could now leverage GPT to generate workflows for our users, who could then tweak them as needed. This approach not only saves time but also enables users to focus on the end goal rather than the steps required to achieve it.

Streamlining Workflows with Vision

Building on this idea, we envisioned a system where users wouldn’t even need to type commands. With AskUI’s workflows, users can define a series of steps using screenshots. For each step, they specify the action, and our engine executes it. But what if we could automate this specification process? What if they can just click on what action is supposed to happen and the corresponding askui command is stored internally.

Figure 4: Easy Worflow: Click to command conversion

Specifically, AskUI inference engine detects all UI elements that are visible on the screen. By integrating AskUI’s inference engine with GPT, we can automatically detect all elements on a screenshot and map the user clicks to specific elements. Specifically, the inference engine gives elements and their positions. We use the click coordinates and map them to the corresponding element’s position. Using the result and the relevant product documentation as context, GPT can then generate the corresponding DSL command. This approach not only streamlined the workflow creation process but also showcased GPT’s ability to understand positional information and generate context-aware commands.

Figure 5: Easy Workflow Creation

Domain-Specific Finetuning with LLMs

Having a dedicated DSL requires users to be aware of all the functions. Even if a product releases extensive documentation, it is often the case that users don’t go through all of it. One way to assist them would be to have a chatbot/search engine which suggests what functions/tricks are available and can be used.

While GPT is capable of being a potential chatbot, there are instances where the input text limit can be a constraint, especially when dealing with extensive documentation. It is not possible to fit the entire documentation into the input context limit. This is where the open-source LLMs like LLAMA-2 come into play. By finetuning these models on our domain-specific data, we can create a chatbot that’s well-versed in our domain.

To generate a synthetic chat dataset, we leveraged GPT to create question-answer (QA) pairs based on our documentation. Specifically, we parse through each document and ask GPT to generate possible QA pairs, simulating conversations of users asking questions about debugging, tools, etc. In addition to just passing the current document, we also pass the last k QA pairs generated for more context to GPT for improved QA pair generation. After creating the synthetic chat dataset, we trained LLAMA2-7B-chat model on it using LoRA finetuning approach.

Figure 6: Chat Interface of LLAMA2 chat finetuned on AskUI docs

After finetuning the LLAMA2 model, we also integrated a retrieval augmentation system. This system fetches relevant documents for each user query, providing the chatbot with the exact context it needs to generate a response. For the debate on RAG vs finetuning, here is a relevant post by LlamaIndex. For more details on RAG vs long context windows, you can checkout the recent paper, Retrieval Meets Long Context Large Language Models.


The integration of LLMs into our product development process at AskUI has encouraged us to invest in the LLM space. These models have not only accelerated our prototyping process but have also opened up new avenues for innovation. Whether it’s translating natural language to DSL, automating workflow creation, or building domain-specific chatbots, the possibilities are endless. As we continue to explore and experiment, one thing is clear: LLMs are set to play a pivotal role in the future of product development.

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